Ghana's telecommunications systems have been of a low quality in terms of service provision because of high levels of exchange fill, mediocre external plant conditions (with respect to underground and overhead cables), unreliable power and air conditioning apparatuses, lack of human capital training, and poor maintenance of services. Counteractive efforts have included the deregulation of laws, which demands the participation of individuals, academes, and research organizations. Despite the long process involved, deregulation would encourage investment in communication technology, which would hasten the expansion of networks. Delayed approval and execution of projects, caused by institutions and hierarchical issues, have cost the country significant time, energy, and resources that could have been utilized in the progress of telecommunications systems. Such development programs are geared towards the industry's modernization, restructuration, growth, and rehabilitation.
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