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Rise of the Bourgeoisie, Demise of EmpireOttoman Westernization and Social Change$
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Fatma Müge Göçek

Print publication date: 1996

Print ISBN-13: 9780195099256

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195099256.001.0001

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“Civilization,” Ottoman Intellectuals, and Western Ideas: Polarization Within the Bourgeoisie

“Civilization,” Ottoman Intellectuals, and Western Ideas: Polarization Within the Bourgeoisie

(p.117) 4 “Civilization,” Ottoman Intellectuals, and Western Ideas: Polarization Within the Bourgeoisie
Rise of the Bourgeoisie, Demise of Empire

Fatma Müge Göçek

Oxford University Press

This chapter focuses on the effects of Western ideas on the Ottoman social structure and the new visions it produced. New concepts of civilized society produced new organizational groups that emphasized the efficiency and allegiance to the Ottoman state instead of loyalty to the sultan and his household. These concepts was disparately interpreted and created a gap between Ottoman social groups. As a consequence of their differential location in the Ottoman social structure, the most significant divide emerged along religious lines as the Muslims and minorities developed separate visions. The establishment of newspapers in the 19th century illustrates the pattern of the circulation of Western ideas in the Ottoman society that polarized the Ottoman bourgeoisie along religious lines into bureaucrats and merchants.

Keywords:   Western ideas, civilized society, organizational groups, Ottoman state, religious Muslims, visions, newspapers, polarization, bureaucrats, merchants

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