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Rise of the Bourgeoisie, Demise of EmpireOttoman Westernization and Social Change$
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Fatma Müge Göçek

Print publication date: 1996

Print ISBN-13: 9780195099256

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195099256.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 23 October 2019

Trade, Ottoman Merchants, and Western Goods: Rise of the Commercial Bourgeoisie

Trade, Ottoman Merchants, and Western Goods: Rise of the Commercial Bourgeoisie

Chapter:
(p.87) 3 Trade, Ottoman Merchants, and Western Goods: Rise of the Commercial Bourgeoisie
Source:
Rise of the Bourgeoisie, Demise of Empire
Author(s):

Fatma Müge Göçek

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195099256.003.0004

The chapter studies the effects of the developing commerce with the Western world on the Ottoman social structure during the 18th and 19th centuries. Emerging as a principal social group to form social resources, Ottoman minority merchants challenged the sultan's control. The chapter analyzes the spread of Western goods and demonstrates how the urban populace increased their accumulation of these goods at the expense of officials and their households. A sample of the inheritance register of Ottoman officials, military, and populace in this chapter reveals a difference in their tendency to own Western goods at the time of their death. While the tendency of officials and military did not change throughout the 18th century, the tendency of the urban populace increased greatly. The data signify how the social group of Ottoman religious minorities entered the protection of Western powers and formed an independent economic resource—the Ottoman commercial bourgeoisie.

Keywords:   commerce, Western world, merchants, Western goods, inheritance register, commercial bourgeoisie

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