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Composers of the Nazi EraEight Portraits$
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Michael H. Kater

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780195099249

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195099249.001.0001

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Carl Orff Man of Legend

Carl Orff Man of Legend

(p.111) 5 Carl Orff Man of Legend
Composers of the Nazi Era

Michael H. Kater (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter begins by examining Carl Orff's anti-Nazi records. It then discusses the factors that influenced Orff's artistic impulses. It describes Orff as a modernist, but an idiosyncratic musician. It narrates the nazification of the cultural institutions in Germany. It discusses that the Carmina Burana success story in the last years of the Third Reich raises again the problem of the National Socialist quality of Orff's music, as it was composed and performed under Hitler, apart from Orff's personal status as a Nazi, on which the evidence is unequivocal. It narrates Carl Orff's successes after the capitulation of the Nazi government. It also mentions the hypothesis of Carl Orff having a mental disorder.

Keywords:   Carmina Burana, anti-Nazi records, Carl Orff, Germany, nazification, mental disorder

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