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The Twisted MuseMusicians and Their Music in the Third Reich$
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Michael H. Kater

Print publication date: 1997

Print ISBN-13: 9780195096200

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195096200.001.0001

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Persecuted and Exiled Jewish and Anti-Nazi Musicians

Persecuted and Exiled Jewish and Anti-Nazi Musicians

(p.75) 3 Persecuted and Exiled Jewish and Anti-Nazi Musicians
The Twisted Muse

Michael H. Kater (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter begins with a discussion of Nazi anti-Semitic policy in the music sector. It then discusses Jewish musicians under Nazi rule, Jewish flight and exile, and exiled non-Jewish musicians. On 7 April 1933 the anti-Semitic Nazi government promulgated the so-called Law for the Reconstitution of the Civil Service. It called for the dismissal of Jewish employees in the public realm, excepting at first only a very few, such as veterans of World War I. By the fall of 1935 those exceptions were, by and large, cancelled. In terms of ideology, oppressive action by agencies of the Nazi state against Jewish musicians was predicated on a supposed antithesis between what was officially regarded as discrete categories of German music on the one side and Jewish music on the other. But try as they might, the Nazis could not define either German or Jewish music on the basis of empirically discernible evidence.

Keywords:   Nazi regime, Third Reich, Jewish musicians, anti-Semitism

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