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The Twisted MuseMusicians and Their Music in the Third Reich$
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Michael H. Kater

Print publication date: 1997

Print ISBN-13: 9780195096200

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195096200.001.0001

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Musical Professionalism and Political Compromise

Musical Professionalism and Political Compromise

(p.40) 2 Musical Professionalism and Political Compromise
The Twisted Muse

Michael H. Kater (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter begins with a description of the careers of conductor Hans Knappertsbusch and musician Clemens Krauss during the Nazi regime. Knappertsbusch lost importance steadily throughout the Nazi regime, mainly because Adolf Hitler never liked him. Krauss became director of the Frankfurt Opera in 1924 at the age of thirty-two, and in 1929 he was appointed director of the Wiener Staatsoper as well as, a year later, the city's philharmonic concerts. After taking over Oskar Walleck's title of intendant in 1938, he became one of the most powerful musicians of the Third Reich. The chapter then focuses on groups of musicians in the Third Reich who had to seek some, often formalized, association with the regime for the sake of furthering or maintaining their careers.

Keywords:   Hans Knappertsbusch, Clemens Krauss, conductors, musicians, Nazi regime, Third Reich

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