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After LivesA Guide to Heaven, Hell, and Purgatory$
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John Casey

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195092950

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195092950.001.0001

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The Christian Beginnings

The Christian Beginnings

(p.103) 5 The Christian Beginnings
After Lives

John Casey (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

Jesus’ words about salvation and damnation reveal an extraordinarily heightened sense of the absolute claims the spiritual makes upon us, independently of belief in a future state. Jesus enforces with prodigious power the sense that failure to live with total confidence in God's fatherhood forfeits everything. St. Paul transforms the message by adding a timeless, mythical character to the mission of Jesus, sublating the tragedy of his execution into the history of a savior god. The chapter explores early accounts of hell in the apocrypha, Fathers of the Church, and Origen who denied hell's eternity, preaching a restoration of all (apocatastasis) at the end of time. It ends with a brief account of some Muslim traditions of hell, of Izrail, Angel of Death, of interrogation by the angels Munkar and Nakir, the Sirat or narrow bridge over hell which all must pass over.

Keywords:   Jesus, salvation, damnation, savior god, Origen, apocatastasis, Muslim traditions, Izra'il, Sirat

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