This chapter introduces the concept of economic exploitation, a relationship in the distribution of economic wealth wherein a worker does not receive the proper amount of income or entitlement. The concept was invented by Marx, a concept to which many others have agreed or expressed sympathy towards. A challenge is posed however as to how Marx's concept can be restated or reargued without relying on the labor theory of value. What this chapter aims to do is to introduce a concept of economic exploitation that can be applied to all type of market economies, and not just exclusive to capitalist–worker relations. This chapter explores ideas such as the failure of reciprocity, fair exchanges, and the value of one's contributions. This chapter also delves into the issue of what binds the worker to participate in an exploitative environment and thus questions some of Marx's doctrines on the topic.
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