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The Press in the Arab Middle EastA History$
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Ami Ayalon

Print publication date: 1995

Print ISBN-13: 9780195087802

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195087802.001.0001

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State Bulletins: Pronouncing the Official Truth

State Bulletins: Pronouncing the Official Truth

(p.11) 1 State Bulletins: Pronouncing the Official Truth
The Press in the Arab Middle East

Ami Ayalon

Oxford University Press

This chapter shows the evolution of the Arab paper. Apparently, Egypt was the birthplace of the first Arab paper. The first periodical to appear in an Arab-speaking land was in French: Le Courier de L'Egypte. After two months, another French paper appeared La Decade Egyptienne. Both publications were in a language that native Egyptians could not read. Muhammad Ali was quick to realize that traditional methods of communication were unsatisfactory. He devised a bureau that screened reports and abstracted them into a single document called a jurnal. Muhammad Ali ordered the register to be printed under the title Jurnal al-Khidiv. It became the first printed Arabic periodical. Muhammad Ali never ceased to be fascinated by the possibilities of printing. However, quality and size of readership had little to do with endurance. As far as the government was concerned, they were vehicles for improving domestic control and enhancing its image abroad.

Keywords:   Arab paper, Egypt, Le Courier de L'Egypte, La Decade Egyptienne, Muhammad Ali, jurnal, Jurnal al-Khidiv, Arabic periodical

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