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Jazz Changes$
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Martin Williams

Print publication date: 1993

Print ISBN-13: 9780195083491

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195083491.001.0001

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Billie Holiday: Anatomy of a Tragedy

Billie Holiday: Anatomy of a Tragedy

(p.18) Billie Holiday: Anatomy of a Tragedy
Jazz Changes

Williams Martin

Oxford University Press

Billie Holiday was an American jazz singer/songwriter who pioneered an innovative way of controlling phrasing and tempo. She was nicknamed “Lady Day” by Lester Young, her friend and musical colleague. Billie Holiday had a great influence on pop and jazz singing. Her stage name was coined from an admiration for the silent film actor Billie Dove. At the age of fifteen, Holiday became a professional singer. It wasn't until three years later, in 1933, she made her first record, featuring the Benny Goodman group, and after that she quickly rose to fame.

Keywords:   Billie Holiday, jazz singer, Lady Day, Lester Young, Billie Dove, Benny Goodman

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