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In Search of Human NatureThe Decline and Revival of Darwinism in American Social Thought$
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Carl N. Degler

Print publication date: 1993

Print ISBN-13: 9780195077070

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195077070.001.0001

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Decoupling Intelligence from Race

Decoupling Intelligence from Race

(p.167) 7 Decoupling Intelligence from Race
In Search of Human Nature

Carl N. Degler

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the validity of using intelligence tests to measure the quality of behavior of human beings. It cites the findings of Lothrop Stoddard's 1922 study on the U.S. Army which concluded that the average mental age of Americans in the U.S. Army was only about fourteen. This conclusion was criticized by Walter Lippmann who argued that the tests were inadequate measures of the quality of human beings. This controversy aroused public and professional interest in intelligence testing.

Keywords:   intelligence test, human behavior, Lothrop Stoddard, U.S. Army, soldiers' intelligence, Walter Lipmann

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