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The Colloquy of MontbéliardReligion and Politics in the Sixteenth Century$
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Jill Raitt

Print publication date: 1993

Print ISBN-13: 9780195075663

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195075663.001.0001

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The Political Background

The Political Background

(p.45) 2 The Political Background
The Colloquy of Montbéliard

Jill Raitt

Oxford University Press

The story of Montbéliard is not only part of the complex history of France and the empire; it is involved in the history of all of Europe. Its problems are a microcosm of the problems of people affected by religious quarrels in the last quarter of the sixteenth century. At least three forms of Protestantism were represented in Montbéliard during the fifty years previous to the colloquy of 1586: the evangelicals faithful to Pierre Toussain and his simple confession of faith, the French refugees who followed the Gallican Confession, and the Lutheranism of the town's suzerains. Montbéliard was often a focal point for heated exchanges between its count, Frederick, and the Holy Roman Emperor, Rudolph II. This chapter examines the political history of Europe in the last quarter of the sixteenth century, a complex weave out of which it is not easy to pluck the pertinent threads.

Keywords:   Montbéliard, colloquy, Count Frederick, Rudolph II, Protestantism, Pierre Toussain, Gallican Confession, Lutheranism

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