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The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System$
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Alain Berthoz, Werner Graf, and P. P. Vidal

Print publication date: 1992

Print ISBN-13: 9780195068207

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.001.0001

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Muscle Behavior May Solve Motor Coordination Problems

Muscle Behavior May Solve Motor Coordination Problems

Chapter:
(p.153) Chapter 22 Muscle Behavior May Solve Motor Coordination Problems
Source:
The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System
Author(s):

Neville Hogan

Ferdinando A. Mussa-lvaldi

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.003.0022

Like many biologic systems, one of the differentiating features of the head and neck is its mechanical intricacy. The head-neck system includes approximately thirty muscles; each spans multiple joints, and each joint has multiple degrees of freedom. The sensory system includes several radically different types of sensory organs. At first, this intricacy may seem tough, yet it must be confronted squarely if a deep comprehension of sensory-motor coordination is to be made. One aspect of sensory-motor coordination that is epitomized by the head-neck system is the general problem of coordinate transformations. The root of the problem is that several parts of the process of doing an action in response to sensory stimuli are each largely described in their own terms.

Keywords:   head-neck system, motor coordination, sensory system, degrees of freedom, coordinate transformations, stimuli

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