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The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System$
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Alain Berthoz, Werner Graf, and P. P. Vidal

Print publication date: 1992

Print ISBN-13: 9780195068207

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.001.0001

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Biomechanical Models of the Head-Neck System

Biomechanical Models of the Head-Neck System

Chapter:
(p.150) Chapter 21 Biomechanical Models of the Head-Neck System
Source:
The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System
Author(s):

Johannes Dimnet

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.003.0021

In this chapter, a classification of biomechanical models of the head-neck system is proposed. Generally, these models are developed to study the responses of head-neck structures to impact and dynamic loading. In global models, in which dynamic loading is considered as input and ensuing displacements as output, the whole body acts as a black box whose mechanical components are determined in real time. In physical models, a human replica is constructed and instrumented. The behavior of the system under static loading is adjusted so as to correspond to that of a cadaver specimen. In numerical models, three-dimensional lumped-parameter models of the human head-neck system have been developed to predict the motion of the system under specific initial conditions.

Keywords:   biomechanical models, head-neck system, global models, physical models, numerical models

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