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The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System$
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Alain Berthoz, Werner Graf, and P. P. Vidal

Print publication date: 1992

Print ISBN-13: 9780195068207

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.001.0001

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Optocollic Reflexes and Neck Flexion—Related Activity of Flight Control Muscles in the Airflow-Stimulated Pigeon

Optocollic Reflexes and Neck Flexion—Related Activity of Flight Control Muscles in the Airflow-Stimulated Pigeon

Chapter:
(p.96) Chapter 12 Optocollic Reflexes and Neck Flexion—Related Activity of Flight Control Muscles in the Airflow-Stimulated Pigeon
Source:
The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System
Author(s):

Dietrich Bilo

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.003.0012

Gaze stabilization in birds is primarily achieved by a stabilization of the head as manifested, for example, by the head bobbing phenomenon. During this particular kind of head movement, forward thrusts of the head regularly alternate with hold phases in which the head is almost perfectly stabilized in space. This behavior is most often manifested by species that pick up their food from the ground while walking, such as chickens and pigeons. In the pigeon, not only does head bobbing happen during walking, but the same pattern of head movements can also be seen during landing flight. Horizontal angular head bobbing can be observed during slow-turning flights of the pigeon.

Keywords:   gaze stabilization, birds, head bobbing, chickens, pigeons, flight

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