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The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System$
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Alain Berthoz, Werner Graf, and P. P. Vidal

Print publication date: 1992

Print ISBN-13: 9780195068207

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.001.0001

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Fixed Gaze and Eye-Head Coordination in Basal Ganglia Diseases (Parkinson's Disease, Huntington's Chorea, and Pallidum Necrosis)

Fixed Gaze and Eye-Head Coordination in Basal Ganglia Diseases (Parkinson's Disease, Huntington's Chorea, and Pallidum Necrosis)

Chapter:
(p.668) Chapter 112 Fixed Gaze and Eye-Head Coordination in Basal Ganglia Diseases (Parkinson's Disease, Huntington's Chorea, and Pallidum Necrosis)
Source:
The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System
Author(s):

Didier Bazalgette

Maurice Zattara

Nguyen Bathien

Pierre Rondot

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.003.0112

The role of the basal ganglia in eye-head coordination has been studied using neurophysiologic and mathematical tools. The authors tried to answer the questions: (1) How do normal subjects organize and stabilize a new eye-head coordination situation? (2) What changes occur in patients with basal ganglia disorders? (3) Do eye-head coordination disorders and posturokinetic coordination share common characteristics? In the experimental paradigm, the subjects maintained the gaze on a central target during active and passive isolated head rotations. It is suggested this paradigm is used in studying eye-head motor coordination in central nervous system disorders.

Keywords:   basal ganglia, posturokinetic coordination, eye-head coordination, mathematical tools, experimental paradigm

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