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Making Marriage ModernWomen's Sexuality from the Progressive Era to World War II$
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Christina Simmons

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195064117

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195064117.001.0001

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Companionate Marriage

Companionate Marriage

Chapter:
(p.105) 3 Companionate Marriage
Source:
Making Marriage Modern
Author(s):

Christina Simmons (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195064117.003.0004

By the 1920s, as sex radicals were silenced by the Red Scare, more conventional reformers—social scientists and ex‐radicals—developed the concept of companionate marriage, to adapt marriage to a growing youth culture, women's independence and civil equality, and a more consumer‐oriented middle class. Figures like Judge Ben Lindsey, author of Companionate Marriage, portrayed sexual intimacy as the cement of marriage and birth control as a necessary support; they called for greater privacy and freedom from parental control for young couples; and they demanded sexual and psychological equality for women. Companionate marriage reflected a more individualistic society and a vision of marriage as the union of two individuals bonded through sexual love, rather than the traditional institution of childbearing, kin, and property relations.

Keywords:   companionate marriage, birth control, privacy, youth culture, love

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