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China without maoThe Search for a New Order$
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Immanuel C. Y. Hsü

Print publication date: 1990

Print ISBN-13: 9780195060560

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195060560.001.0001

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The Four Modernizations

The Four Modernizations

(p.92) 4 The Four Modernizations
China without mao

Immanuel C. Y. Hsü

Oxford University Press

If there was such a thing as a national consensus in China, it focused on the commitment to the Four Modernizations — of agriculture, industry, science and technology, and national defense. The avowed goal was to turn China into a relatively modern state by the year 2000. The Four Modernizations had been written into the party constitution and the state constitution. Zhou Enlai was generally credited with initiating the idea of the Four Modernizations in a report to the Fourth National People's Congress in January 1975. Not until the smashing of the Gang in October were the Four Modernizations revived. Chairman Hua seized the opportunity to promote them in a spirit of revolutionary vigor but without much economic expertise.

Keywords:   modernization, Four Modernizations, Zhou Enlai, agriculture

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