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Communism and NationalismKarl Marx versus Friedrich List$
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Roman Szporluk

Print publication date: 1993

Print ISBN-13: 9780195051032

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195051032.001.0001

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The National System: The World of Nations

The National System: The World of Nations

(p.115) 8 The National System: The World of Nations
Communism and Nationalism

Roman Szporluk

Oxford University Press

Marx and List agreed on one thing and that was that the division of human society is the key to the central truth of human history. List asserted that Germany needed a policy of state intervention to be able to survive in the international community. Nations existed and shared the impulse on self-preservation especially in a world of competing nations. List's real position was to stress the need for nations to attain a high level of economic development. National economy was a lesson that needed to be learned so that one day freedom of trade would become a reality. For List, England was the world's first truly modern nation as England became an example and a pattern for other countries to emulate. List wanted Germany to challenge England when it comes to the latter's manufacturing supremacy.

Keywords:   central truth, state intervention, self-preservation, national economy, manufacturing supremacy

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