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Communism and NationalismKarl Marx versus Friedrich List$
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Roman Szporluk

Print publication date: 1993

Print ISBN-13: 9780195051032

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195051032.001.0001

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Nation and Revolution: Marx and Engels, 1845–1848

Nation and Revolution: Marx and Engels, 1845–1848

(p.43) 4 Nation and Revolution: Marx and Engels, 1845–1848
Communism and Nationalism

Roman Szporluk

Oxford University Press

The chapter focuses on the work of Marx and Engels from the years 1845 to 1848. It also raised other issues such as the role of the state in developing societies and the relation between the political sphere with that of the economy and culture. Marx and Engels continued to work on questions of nationality and its role in history and politics. Marx and Engels both thought that the German bourgeoisie fought for their own interest while exploiting the proletariat. The struggle between the bourgeoisie and the proletariat was most intense in England so that Marx thought that a “European war” would be a world war. The liberation of nations depended on the development of the proletarian against capitalism. Marx realized that social, political, national, and international issues and conflicts were all related to each other.

Keywords:   Marx, Engels, political sphere, nationality, German bourgeoisie, proletariat, capitalism, European war

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