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Communism and NationalismKarl Marx versus Friedrich List$
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Roman Szporluk

Print publication date: 1993

Print ISBN-13: 9780195051032

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195051032.001.0001

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Marx and Germany: The “Hegel Critique”

Marx and Germany: The “Hegel Critique”

(p.19) 2 Marx and Germany: The “Hegel Critique”
Communism and Nationalism

Roman Szporluk

Oxford University Press

According to Engels, Marx was a “Marxist” when he wrote the “Hegel Critique”. Marx diagnosed the anatomy, morphology, and the dynamics of German society and drew specific guidelines to be used there. He was able to formulate a program that would launch a new stage in the history of humanity. As per Evans, Marx wrote his critique of List in March 1845. It was only at that time that Marx began to study the problems of the political economy. The “Hegel Critique” is the first work of Marx that did not mention the Friedrich List. It was where Marx spoke of the proletarian class for the first time. He was concerned with the backwardness of Germany. He dealt with anachronism. He linked the German Revolution to the French Revolution. He was after the abolition of the state. The “Hegel Critique” was the closest amongst all his works to advancing the idea of national communism.

Keywords:   Hegel Critique, German society, political economy, Friedrich List, proletarian class

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