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Communism and NationalismKarl Marx versus Friedrich List$
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Roman Szporluk

Print publication date: 1993

Print ISBN-13: 9780195051032

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195051032.001.0001

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(p.225) 14 Conclusion
Communism and Nationalism

Roman Szporluk

Oxford University Press

The ideas of Marx and List impacted on the revolutionary period in Russia. The events of that period marked a turning point in the history of socialism, Marxism, and the international labor movement. They were all equally important to Russia, Russia nationalism, and nationalism everywhere. However Marxism or Marxism-Leninism is a variant of nationalism. Thus, Marixm-Leninism became a doctrine of national liberation. Marxism won in Russia but it only did if it transformed to nationalism. This new nationalism had three components: Marxism, Listianism, and Russian political tradition. The truth is Nationalism cannot be contained in a pigeonhole of capitalism or communism. Nationalism has established itself, in the Third World, as the third force. It can be an ally or a rival of capitalism and communism. The history of the world was transformed by Marxism and nationalism but the world is continuously changing due to the impact of science.

Keywords:   Marx, List, Russian Revolution, socialism, international labor movement, Russia nationalism, Marxism, national liberation

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