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Communism and NationalismKarl Marx versus Friedrich List$
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Roman Szporluk

Print publication date: 1993

Print ISBN-13: 9780195051032

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195051032.001.0001

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After 1848: Nationalists Face the Social Problem

After 1848: Nationalists Face the Social Problem

(p.193) 12 After 1848: Nationalists Face the Social Problem
Communism and Nationalism

Roman Szporluk

Oxford University Press

The chapter discusses the second part of the 19th century when nationalism took on a new direction. It turned to the right and defined itself as the enemy of socialism. The doctrine of List responded to the Industrial Revolution by accepting the ideals of the French Revolution. Nationalism had adopted a strong pro-industrialization stand in its overall program for a unified national state. German nationalism changed as it adopted the Prussian state and the noble class. It drew on Marxism as a guide. In other parts of the world where Listian nationalism was practiced, nationalism departed from the classical European model. It was spreading quickly in Europe and Asia. Japan liked List's advocacy of free trade. List also found followers in India. However, it was in Russia that the first nationalization of communism took place. It was there where Marxism found itself in power.

Keywords:   nationalism, enemy of socialism, List's doctrine, Industrial Revolution, French Revolution, pro-industrialization, unified national state, German nationalism

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