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Communism and NationalismKarl Marx versus Friedrich List$
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Roman Szporluk

Print publication date: 1993

Print ISBN-13: 9780195051032

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195051032.001.0001

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After 1848: Marx and Engels Face the Nation

After 1848: Marx and Engels Face the Nation

(p.169) 11 After 1848: Marx and Engels Face the Nation
Communism and Nationalism

Roman Szporluk

Oxford University Press

The chapter discusses the developments and trends that Marx and Engels did not predict would happen in their original assessment of the direction of the historical process. They tried to reconstitute a program in light of these. These played a crucial role in the history of socialism. Marxism was the most powerful and influential socialist theory among the working class. It was equated with socialism and communism. Marxism became an intellectual and political force in Central Europe. Marx and Engels also witnessed the parallel rise of nationalism. They formed a negative view on the nation and nationalism. They have undisguised contempt for the village as they equated it with barbarism. They were insensitive to the many aspects of the 19th-century world, such as ethnic awareness, that the Marxist theory of nation is a nation that did not require any theory.

Keywords:   Marx, Engels, socialism, Marxism, Central Europe, nationalism, nation

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