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Supportive Care in Respiratory Disease$
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Sam H. Ahmedzai and Martin F. Muers

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780192631411

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192631411.001.0001

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Nutrition and cachexia

Nutrition and cachexia

Chapter:
(p.239) Chapter 14 Nutrition and cachexia
Source:
Supportive Care in Respiratory Disease
Author(s):

Sam H. Ahmedzai (Contributor Webpage)

Martin F. Muers

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192631411.003.0014

This chapter examines the nutritional aspects of cachexia in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. It explains that pulmonary cachexia is a frequently occurring complication in patients with chronic respiratory disorders that contributes negatively to health status and quality of life. Tissue depletion is not only the result of a decreased dietary intake, but often of a complex metabolic process. Some of the importance factors that contribute to the resulting muscle depletion are systemic inflammation and a decreased mechanical and metabolic efficiency. Nutritional intervention should ideally include detection characterisation of patients based on measurements of body composition.

Keywords:   cachexia, COPD, quality of life, dietary intake, tissue depletion, muscle depletion, systemic inflammation, metabolic disorder, body composition, nutritional intervention

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