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Introducing the Old Testament$
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R. J. Coggins

Print publication date: 1990

Print ISBN-13: 9780192132543

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192132543.001.0001

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What does Archaeology Contribute?

What does Archaeology Contribute?

(p.42) 4 What does Archaeology Contribute?
Introducing the Old Testament

P. R. Ackroyd

G. N. Stanton

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the significance of archaeology in order to understand the Old Testament. For a long period of time it has been taken for granted that the knowledge the Old Testament is enhanced by the many archaeological discoveries which have taken place in Palestine. In order to prove historical biblical facts the term ‘biblical archaeology’ came into vogue. The problem with such archaeology is that it is less focused on the major setting of the Old Testament that is in Palestine than it is with other parts of the ancient Near East. Even findings of archaeological sites in Palestine are mostly not supported by any accompanying literary evidence. The historical facts obtained through archaeology, however, filled out in considerable detail the impact of Assyrian and Babylonian empires on Israel and Judah.

Keywords:   archaeology, Old Testaments, Palestine, Near East, biblical archaeology

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