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Introducing the Old Testament$
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R. J. Coggins

Print publication date: 1990

Print ISBN-13: 9780192132543

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192132543.001.0001

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What is the Old Testament?

What is the Old Testament?

(p.1) I What is the Old Testament?
Introducing the Old Testament

P. R. Ackroyd

G. N. Stanton

Oxford University Press

This chapter clarifies the controversy that has surrounded both the name ‘Old Testament’ and the contents of the collections so described. The ‘Old Testament’ is a Christian title applied to a body of Israelite or Jewish writings. Later on specifically Christian writings were added to this collection to which the title ‘New Testament’ was given. This chapter provides a detailed account of names of the collection of the Old Testament, its contents, and the transmission of the text. The majority of the references in this book are to those passages in the Old Testament whose authority as scripture is accepted within Judaism and by all the Christian Churches. The Old Testament in Judaism is divided into three categories: Law; Prophets, and Writings. The Law is considered as the holiest. The Law itself is consists of five parts: Genesis; Exodus; Leviticus; Numbers, and Numbers. The chapter also discusses important historical Jewish figures like Joshua, Samuel, and Isaiah.

Keywords:   Old Testament, Judaism, Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus

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