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Liberalism and the Welfare StateEconomists and Arguments for the Welfare State$
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Roger E. Backhouse, Bradley W. Bateman, Tamotsu Nishizawa, and Dieter Plehwe

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190676681

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: July 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190676681.001.0001

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(p.212) Conclusion
Liberalism and the Welfare State

Roger E. Backhouse

Bradley W. Bateman

Tamotsu Nishizawa

Dieter Plehwe

Oxford University Press

This volume reveals the complexity of the positions towards the welfare state taken by economists, most of whom could be counted as liberal in one way or another. Liberal economists were both at the heart of the original development of the welfare state and at the center of the counter movement against the welfare state. The nature of the interaction between liberalism and the welfare state, and the role of economists, varied greatly between countries. Initially, the structure of the welfare states in different nations made it difficult for transnational neoliberal ideas to have much influence in minimizing the size and nature of the welfare state. Today, however, one brand of free-market, anti-state neoliberalism plays a particularly effective role in attacks on the welfare state across countries. History shows that is not the only form of liberalism or the only ways that liberals might see the welfare state.

Keywords:   welfare state, liberalism, neoliberalism, liberal social citizenship, neoliberal market citizenship

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