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Jihadism TransformedAl-Qaeda and Islamic State's Global Battle of Ideas$
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Simon Staffell and Akil Awan

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190650292

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190650292.001.0001

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The ‘Islamic State’ and al-Qaeda

The ‘Islamic State’ and al-Qaeda

(p.21) 2 The ‘Islamic State’ and al-Qaeda
Jihadism Transformed

Nelly Lahoud

Oxford University Press

The Iraq-based group that was once led by Abu Mus‘ab al-Zarqawi and called “Jama‘at al-Tawhid wa-al-Jihad” is the only regional jihadi group that was brought under Al-Qaeda’s fold by Osama bin Laden. Judging by primary sources internal to AQ, bin Laden and other AQ leaders lived to regret that decision. The same group, which now calls itself the Islamic State, has over the years changed its name to reflect its gradual and ultimate separation from Al-Qaeda. Much like a trying relationship between a parent and a rebellious adolescent, the group’s years under Al-Qaeda were difficult on both. This chapter examines the evolution of the Islamic State in relation to AQ, its claim to statehood since 2006, and the growing ideological divide that separates it from AQ.

Keywords:   Islamic State, ISIS statehood, Al-Qaeda, Abu Mus'ab al-Zarqawi, Abu ‘Umar al-Baghdadi, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, Nur al-Din Zangi, Jabhat al-Nusra, Osama bin Laden, Ayman al-Zawahiri, Abu Muhammad al-‘Adnani

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