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The Global Community Yearbook of International Law and Jurisprudence 2015$
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Giuliana Ziccardi Capaldo

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190647759

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190647759.001.0001

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Introductory Note

Introductory Note

The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda in 2014

(p.447) VI.1 Introductory Note
The Global Community Yearbook of International Law and Jurisprudence 2015

Geert-Jan Alexander Knoops

Oxford University Press

This Introductory Note focusses on the ICTR appeals judgments that were issued in 2014, as well as the status of the ICTR cases that have been referred to Rwanda for trial. In 2014, appeals judgments were reached in cases against eight accused. Most accused had successfully raised some grounds of appeal. Two accused were acquitted, while the sentences of two accused were reduced. The accused’s alleged superior responsibility was an issue that was relatively frequently scrutinized by the Appeals Chamber, in which the requisite “effective control” of the superiors over the subordinates turned out to be a pertinent matter. The second part of this Introductory Note focusses on cases that have been referred to Rwanda for trial. These cases are increasingly pressurized due to fair trial concerns in Rwanda. The process of referral to Rwanda, as well as the changing views of the referral chambers, will be discussed.

Keywords:   effective control, fair trial, MICT, referral, revocation, Rwanda, superior responsibility, Uwinkindi, ICTR

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