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Buddhist Extremists and Muslim MinoritiesReligious Conflict in Contemporary Sri Lanka$
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John Clifford Holt

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190624378

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190624378.001.0001

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Sinhala Buddhist Nationalism and Muslim Identity in Sri Lanka

Sinhala Buddhist Nationalism and Muslim Identity in Sri Lanka

One Hundred Years of Conflict and Coexistence

Chapter:
(p.18) Chapter One Sinhala Buddhist Nationalism and Muslim Identity in Sri Lanka
Source:
Buddhist Extremists and Muslim Minorities
Author(s):

M. A. Nuhman

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190624378.003.0002

This chapter traces the sociohistorical and political roots of the conflict between the Sinhalese and Muslims that has occurred intermittently over the last hundred years and cites religion as a surface manifestation of socioeconomic and political competition. It is divided into two parts. The first part deals with the formation of ethnic identity and the emergence of Sinhala Buddhist nationalism and Muslim identity in the late 19th century and the early phase of the conflict that culminated in the 1915 anti-Muslim riots that were brutally suppressed by the British. The second part deals with the new phase of Sinhala Buddhist nationalism and Muslim identity in postindependent Sri Lanka and the reemergence of anti-Muslim sentiment and violence.

Keywords:   Sinhalese, Muslims, religion, competition, Sinhala Buddhist nationalism, Muslim identity, 1915 anti-Muslim riots, postindependent Sri Lanka, anti-Muslim sentiment

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