Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Shinto$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Helen Hardacre

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190621711

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190621711.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 15 December 2019

The Esotericization of Medieval Shinto

The Esotericization of Medieval Shinto

Chapter:
(p.147) 5 The Esotericization of Medieval Shinto
Source:
Shinto
Author(s):

Helen Hardacre

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190621711.003.0006

Examines the pervasive influence of Buddhist esotericism. Premised on the ultimate identity of Kami and Buddhist divinities, esotericism neutralized Shinto’s claims to represent the indigenous. The Great Purification Prayer came to be used in shortened form for all manner of private devotional purposes. Warrior oaths show that the Kami were increasingly perceived as requiring people to conform to a moral code. Shugendō, the cult of sacred mountains, introduced myriad ceremonies for mountain deities, who came to be roughly classed with the Kami, contributing to the ongoing diversification of the pantheon. In the late thirteenth century, when the Mongol invasions threatened to destroy Japan entirely, typhoons called Kamikaze, “divine winds,” diverted them. The popular sense that the Kami had saved Japan greatly strengthened ideas of Japan as a divine land (shinkoku), propagated by Kitabatake Chikafusa (1293–1354), among others.

Keywords:   Kitabatake Chikafusa, shinkoku, Japan as a divine land, Shugendō, Great Purification Prayer, cult of sacred mountains, concepts of Kami, diversification of the pantheon, Mongol invasions, divine wind

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .