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Helen Hardacre

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190621711

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190621711.001.0001

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Shinto from 1945 through 1989

Shinto from 1945 through 1989

(p.441) 14 Shinto from 1945 through 1989

Helen Hardacre

Oxford University Press

The Allied Occupation of Japan aligned Shinto with religion, ended its public funding, and squelched its claim to public status. The Occupation singled out Shinto as responsible for prewar militarism and ultra-nationalism. Censorship prevented Shinto from answering this charge. The post-Occupation politicization of the Association of Shinto Shrines is a major topic. The Association became a prominent patron of the Liberal Democratic Party’s most right-leaning faction. It continues to mourn Shinto’s loss of public status and to greater respect for Japan’s “indigenous tradition.” Meanwhile, significant legal verdicts opened new scope for Shinto ceremonial paid for with public funds, also creating obstacles for dissenters.

Keywords:   Allied Occupation, Shinto Directive, Association of Shinto Shrines, NASS, Liberal Democratic Party, Yasukuni Bill, Shintō Seiji Renmei

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