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Helen Hardacre

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190621711

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190621711.001.0001

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Shinto and the Meiji State

Shinto and the Meiji State

(p.355) 12 Shinto and the Meiji State

Helen Hardacre

Oxford University Press

Examines the numerous changes, many of which were initiated within government, that resulted in Shinto becoming independent from Buddhism and assuming new public roles associated with the perpetuation of indigenous tradition. Examines the process through which Shinto came to be deemed nonreligious, the construction of new shrines in partnerships between government and local communities, and the public funding for shrines. Earlier research has treated the period 1868 to 1945 under the rubric of State Shinto. Critique of that concept produced the idea of “state management” as an alternative. The chapter experiments with that term to explore its advantages and limitations.

Keywords:   Meiji Restoration, Hokkaidō shrines, State Shinto, state management of Shinto, separation of Buddhism from Shinto, Yasukuni Shrine

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