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The Science of Facial Expression$
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James A. Russell and Jose Miguel Fernandez Dols

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190613501

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190613501.001.0001

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Coherence Between Emotions and Facial Expressions

Coherence Between Emotions and Facial Expressions

A Research Synthesis

Chapter:
(p.107) 7 Coherence Between Emotions and Facial Expressions
Source:
The Science of Facial Expression
Author(s):

Juan I. Durán

Rainer Reisenzein

José-Miguel Fernández-Dols

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190613501.003.0007

The phrase “facial expression of emotion” contains the implicit assumption that facial expressions co-occur with, and are a consequence of, experienced emotions. Is this assumption true, or more precisely, to what degree is it true? In other words, what is the degree of statistical covariation, or coherence, between emotions and facial expressions? In this chapter, we review empirical evidence from laboratory and field studies that speaks to this question, summarizing studies results concerning expressions of emotions frequently considered as “basic”: happiness-amusement, surprise, disgust, sadness, anger and fear. We provide general and separate emotion mean correlations and proportions as coherence estimates as using meta-analytic methods.

Keywords:   facial expression, emotion, coherence, meta-analysis, affect program theory

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