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The Science of Facial Expression$
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James A. Russell and Jose Miguel Fernandez Dols

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190613501

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190613501.001.0001

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Facial Expression Is Driven by Appraisal and Generates Appraisal Inference

Facial Expression Is Driven by Appraisal and Generates Appraisal Inference

Chapter:
(p.353) 19 Facial Expression Is Driven by Appraisal and Generates Appraisal Inference
Source:
The Science of Facial Expression
Author(s):

Klaus Scherer

Marcello Mortillaro

Marc Mehu

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190613501.003.0019

Emotion researchers generally concur that most emotions in humans and animals are elicited by the appraisals of events that are highly relevant for the organism, generating action tendencies that are often accompanied by changes in expression, autonomic physiology, and feeling. Scherer’s component process model of emotion (CPM) postulates that individual appraisal checks drive the dynamics and configuration of the facial expression of emotion and that emotion recognition is based on appraisal inference with consequent emotion attribution. This chapter outlines the model and reviews the accrued empirical evidence that supports these claims, covering studies that experimentally induced specific appraisals or that used induction of emotions with typical appraisal configurations (measuring facial expression via electromyographic recording) or behavioral coding of facial action units. In addition, recent studies analyzing the mechanisms of emotion recognition are shown to support the theoretical assumptions.

Keywords:   appraisal theory, component processes, action tendencies, expression sequence, emotion recognition

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