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The Science of Facial Expression$
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James A. Russell and Jose Miguel Fernandez Dols

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190613501

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190613501.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 24 February 2020

Beyond the Smile

Beyond the Smile

Nontraditional Facial, Emotional, and Social Behaviors

(p.197) 11 Beyond the Smile
The Science of Facial Expression

Robert R. Provine

Oxford University Press

With the expectation that innovation, insight, and discovery will come from researching neglected topics, this chapter explores human instincts, including yawning, laughing, vocal crying, emotional tearing, coughing, nausea and vomiting, itching and scratching, and changes in scleral color. The critical change approach is exploited to analyze recently evolved, uniquely human traits (e.g., human-type laughter and speech, emotional tearing, scleral color cues) and compare them with thir primate antecendents, seeking the specific neurological, glandular, and muscular processes responsible for their genesis. Particular attention is paid to contagious behaviors, with the anticipation that they may reveal the roots of sociality and empathy. Few of these curious behaviors are traditionally considered in the context of facial expression or emotion, but they deserve recognition for what they can contribute to behavioral neuroscience and social biology.

Keywords:   yawning, laughing, vocal crying, coughing, nausea, vomiting, emotional tearing, scleral color, sociality, imitation

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