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The Making of a Salafi Muslim WomanPaths to Conversion$
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Anabel Inge

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190611675

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190611675.001.0001

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The Development of Salafism in Britain

The Development of Salafism in Britain

Chapter:
(p.24) Chapter 1 The Development of Salafism in Britain
Source:
The Making of a Salafi Muslim Woman
Author(s):

Anabel Inge

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190611675.003.0002

This chapter explains the historical origins of Salafism—covering the scholars Ibn Hanbal, Ibn Taymiyya, and Ibn ‘Abd al-Wahhab—before examining how it spread to the United Kingdom through organizations such as JIMAS and Salafi Publications. It disentangles Salafism from its Saudi variant, Wahhabism. But it shows that, while claims that major UK Salafi groups received Saudi funding appear to be unsubstantiated, they nevertheless benefitted from generous scholarships for foreigners at the Saudi Islamic University of Madinah. The chapter stresses the impact of generational transitions and key political turning points—such as the Rushdie Affair, the Gulf and Bosnian wars, 9/11, and 7/7—on the development of Salafism in the United Kingdom. It then describes how London’s Brixton Mosque, one of the first Salafi mosques in Britain, played a crucial role in accommodating a growing black convert community. The chapter ends by highlighting Salafism’s recently increased appeal among young women, black converts, and Somalis.

Keywords:   Ibn Taymiyya, Ibn ‘Abd al-Wahhab, Wahhabism, young British Muslims, JIMAS, University of Madinah, Brixton Mosque, Afro-Caribbean Muslim converts, Salafi mosques, Somali diaspora

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