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Sustainable SecurityRethinking American National Security Strategy$
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Jeremi Suri and Benjamin Valentino

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190611477

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190611477.001.0001

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Reforming American Power

Reforming American Power

Civilian National Security Institutions in the Early Cold War and Beyond

Chapter:
(p.136) 5 Reforming American Power
Source:
Sustainable Security
Author(s):

William Inboden

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190611477.003.0006

To address how to reform civilian national security institutions for a new security strategy, this chapter explores the American past, giving particular attention to the creation of new institutions like the National Security Council and institutional reform in the early Cold War. Its primary focus is the inflection point from the Roosevelt to Truman administrations, roughly 1942–1950, during which the United States emerged as a global power and the institutions of the modern American national security system were created. Consideration is also given to more recent periods, such as the end of the Cold War and the post-September 11 era, during which old institutions were reformed and new institutions were created in efforts to address terrorism and the challenges of fragile and failed states. It considers different catalysts for reform, such as expert commissions and congressional and executive initiatives. It concludes with some potential applications for American policymakers today.

Keywords:   national security, institutional reform, Cold War, Franklin Roosevelt, Harry Truman, National Security Council, September 11

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