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The Archaeology of Byzantine AnatoliaFrom the End of Late Antiquity until the Coming of the Turks$
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Philipp Niewohner

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190610463

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190610463.001.0001

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Rural Settlements

Rural Settlements

(p.82) Chapter Six Rural Settlements
The Archaeology of Byzantine Anatolia

Adam Izdebski

Oxford University Press

This chapter presents evidence on rural settlement in Byzantine Anatolia, AD 400–1100. After a short introduction on the written sources that are primarily hagiographical, a first main section considers individual sites and qualitative aspects, i.e. standing remains and excavations. A second main section is concerned with quantitative aspects and survey results that reflect changes in settlement density and organization on a regional level. Overall, a decrease in survey visibility from the early to the middle Byzantine period suggests a deep transformation of the countryside’s material culture. Both settlement density and the scale of environment exploitation diminished after the early Byzantine period. However, at least in some places there are signs of substantial continuity between the two epochs and early Byzantine structures provided the material and cultural basis for middle Byzantine developments.

Keywords:   Survey, Villages, Palynology, Economy, Demography

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