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The Archaeology of Byzantine AnatoliaFrom the End of Late Antiquity until the Coming of the Turks$
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Philipp Niewohner

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190610463

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190610463.001.0001

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Transport and Communication

Transport and Communication

(p.28) Chapter Two Transport and Communication
The Archaeology of Byzantine Anatolia

Klaus Belke

Oxford University Press

This chapter presents Byzantine roads, the main routes across Anatolia, and their development from the Roman to the middle Byzantine period. Information on roads, means of transportation, and roadside infrastructure is found in sources on the so-called cursus publicus. As in other premodern societies, means of transportation included pack animals, draught animals that pulled various types of carts and wagons, and walking on foot. In Byzantine Anatolia, pack animals prevailed by far over wheeled traffic. Certain groups of travelers are particularly well attested, including monks and clerics, pilgrims, merchants, administrative staff, and—perhaps most important—the army. The needs of the army will have been a main reason for maintaining at least parts of the ancient road network throughout the Byzantine period.

Keywords:   Roads, Bridges, Administration, Army, Trade, Pilgrimage

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