Canadian–American Relations from Eisenhower to Kennedy, 1957–1961
John Kennedy was not the first American president with whom John Diefenbaker dealt, and so for the sake of comparison, this chapter reviews the Eisenhower administration’s handling of the relationship with Canada from 1957 to 1961. This period saw the revival of Canadian nationalism, a force that contributed to back-to-back electoral victories by Diefenbaker’s Tories as well as to increasing bilateral tensions. Yet there were also genuine policy differences stemming both from the Cold War as well as growing economic, military, and cultural ties between Canada and the United States. While Eisenhower was deft in his handling of his personal relationship with Diefenbaker, he was unable both to overcome policy differences and to blunt nationalist sentiments.
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