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The Globalization of ChildhoodThe International Diffusion of Norms and Law against the Child Death Penalty$
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Robyn Linde

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190601379

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190601379.001.0001

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Globalized Childhood as a Mechanism of Diffusion

Globalized Childhood as a Mechanism of Diffusion

Chapter:
(p.156) Chapter 5 Globalized Childhood as a Mechanism of Diffusion
Source:
The Globalization of Childhood
Author(s):

Robyn Linde

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190601379.003.0005

Chapter 5 discusses the role of the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) in the creation and diffusion of the globalized child, as Western norms about children regarding age, development, maturity, and culpability came to shape the model of childhood that would be applied to all children in all states, economies, and cultures in the postwar era. The chapter then discusses the campaign by Amnesty International and its American chapter (AIUSA) against the death penalty for juvenile offenders (the child death penalty). AIUSA’s moral authority and innovative use of international law allowed it to successfully agitate for change. The 1990 Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) is contextualized within these two case studies, which consider how diverse states and intergovernmental and nongovernmental organizations helped to enshrine the global model of childhood into law. Finally, the role of late period agency in efforts to abolish the child death penalty is discussed.

Keywords:   Amnesty International, AIUSA, UNICEF, CRC, nongovernmental organizations, globalized child, global model of childhood, moral authority, international law, child death penalty

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