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Revolutionary JusticeSpecial Courts and the Formation of Republican Egypt$
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Yoram Meital

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190600839

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190600839.001.0001

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Officers–Brothers Relations

Officers–Brothers Relations

What Went Wrong?

(p.150) 7 Officers–Brothers Relations
Revolutionary Justice

Yoram Meital

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the dramatic turnabout in the relations between the Free Officers and the Muslim Brothers. Although the prosecution and the judges ignored the detailed testimonies on the intimate dialogue of the junta’s leaders with the MB leadership prior to and after the military coup, they are fully documented in the court’s transcripts. Discussions of the internal disagreements with regard to the MB’s relations with the FO’s regime also surfaced. The transcripts of the People’s Court contained rare insights to the severe political crisis that developed in Egypt in 1954. In the court’s view, the crisis was due to the MB’s fanatic positions that threatened to plunge Egyptian society into civil war (fitna). However, the accused and most of the witnesses made it clear that their opposition to the RCC’s positions was primarily due to their political, national commitments, which cannot be separated from their religious one.

Keywords:   RCC–MB relations, Anglo–Egyptian Treaty (1936), agrarian reform, Sayyid Qutb, crisis of March 1954, Muhammad Khamis Humayda, Evacuation Agreement (1954)

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