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Revolutionary JusticeSpecial Courts and the Formation of Republican Egypt$
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Yoram Meital

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190600839

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190600839.001.0001

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The Advent of the People’s Court

The Advent of the People’s Court

(p.123) 6 The Advent of the People’s Court
Revolutionary Justice

Yoram Meital

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the circumstances surrounding the establishment of the People’s Court and its exceptional powers. The RCC saw the tribunal as a mean to promote much broader objectives than the prosecution of the accused in the assassination attempt on Prime Minister ‛Abd al-Nasir. The court wanted to strike a fatal blow against the MB. In fact, the transcripts show that the court focused very little on the details of the assassination attempt. The questioning of the accused and the witnesses addressed broader issues, including the aims of the MB and their national and civic commitments. The judges and the prosecution presented the MB as cynically exploiting innocent civilians to promote a radical agenda that threatened to plunge Egypt into a civil war (fitna). Yet, the questioning of the accused and the witnesses also allowed descriptions and counter-arguments to be voiced that the regime actually intended to suppress.

Keywords:   Mahmud ‛Abd al-Latif, People’s Court, civil war (fitna), Gamal Mustafa Salem, Hindawi Duwayr, Hamada al-Nahil, Secret Apparatus/Special Apparatus [MB], Manshiya Square incident, Islamic law (Shari‛a), Jihad, Call to Islam (da‛wa)

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