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The Emotions in Early Chinese Philosophy$
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Curie Virág

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190498818

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190498818.001.0001

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Reasons to Care

Reasons to Care

Redefining the Human Community in Mozi

(p.51) 2. Reasons to Care
The Emotions in Early Chinese Philosophy

Curie Virág

Oxford University Press

Mozi traced the basic problems of the world to unrestrained human emotions and desires, and proposed that solving these problems required properly directing these emotions and desires in a way that was beneficial to others. But unlike Confucius, Mozi emphasized the attainment of an objective, impartial perspective onto the world—one that ought to be deployed in one’s relations with others, in the form of “impartial concern,” or jian ai. Mozi’s invoking of reasoned argument to persuade people to care impartially about everyone represents an appeal to reasons whose soundness he assumes can be recognized by all. Such an approach corresponded to Mozi’s assumption that knowledge was not a matter of applying models and standards but of enacting reasoning processes that could provide insight into “how things are.”

Keywords:   Mozi, objective, impartial concern, models, standards, benefit, reason, human

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