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Three StreamsConfucian Reflections on Learning and the Moral Heart-Mind in China, Korea, and Japan$
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Philip J. Ivanhoe

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190492014

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190492014.001.0001

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Yamazaki Ansai

Yamazaki Ansai

(p.144) Chapter 8 Yamazaki Ansai
Three Streams

Philip J. Ivanhoe

Oxford University Press

Yamazaki Ansai was one of the first and most committed Japanese followers of the orthodox Cheng-Zhu School of neo-Confucianism, which can be traced back to the philosophy of Cheng Yi. Later in life, he melded the ethical and metaphysical teachings of Confucianism with the values and spiritual pantheon of Shintō, founding his own school of both Confucianism and Shintō. Ansai embraced reverence and duty as the core tenants of his form of Confucianism, and he extolled the absolute duty to the emperor, which made his form of Confucianism compatible and attractive to followers of both Shintō and bushidō and would later contribute to extreme versions of Japanese nationalism and emperor worship.

Keywords:   reverence, duty, Yamazaki Ansai, Cheng-Zhu School, Confucianism, Shintō

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