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Three StreamsConfucian Reflections on Learning and the Moral Heart-Mind in China, Korea, and Japan$
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Philip J. Ivanhoe

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190492014

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190492014.001.0001

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Nakae Tōju

Nakae Tōju

(p.131) Chapter 7 Nakae Tōju
Three Streams

Philip J. Ivanhoe

Oxford University Press

Nakae Tōju developed a distinctive philosophy centered on a novel conception of filial piety combined with a form of theism. He combined these themes with neo-Confucian metaphysics, native Shintō beliefs, and the concerns of bushidō to describe a characteristically Japanese expression of Confucianism. Roughly, Tōju expanded and transformed the scope of the traditional conception of filial feelings, refocusing them ultimately on the shared origin of the universe itself: Heaven. He understood this spontaneous filial tendency of “loving reverence” to be like Wang Yangming’s “pure knowing,” and the explicitly emotional cast of this core moral capacity linked his philosophy to Cheng Hao’s early vision and the School of Wang Yangming.

Keywords:   filial piety, loving reverence, Shintō, bushidō, Nakae Tōju, Heaven

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