The Arab slave trade was mostly carried on from Zanzibar, under its Omani Sultans, Seyyid Majid and Syed Barghash. The Sultans of Zanzibar owed their thrones to the support of the British Empire, an hypocrisy that the missionary David Livingstone highlighted. The British and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society took up the campaign against the Sultans with the support of the military campaigner Sir Henry Bartle Frere and the consular official John Kirk. When Sultan Barghash compromised the Society, the British government lauded a victory, but too soon. Barghash kept his own harem, while handing over authority to Britain to police the East African hinterland of his slave-trading Empire.
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