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Subjects and SovereignBonds of Belonging in the Eighteenth-Century British Empire$
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Hannah Weiss Muller

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190465810

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: July 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190465810.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 14 November 2019

Real and Pretended Subjects

Real and Pretended Subjects

Mediating Subjecthood in the Mediterranean

Chapter:
(p.80) 3 Real and Pretended Subjects
Source:
Subjects and Sovereign
Author(s):

Hannah Weiss Muller

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190465810.003.0004

Chapter 3 focuses on the geopolitically strategic Mediterranean colonies of Gibraltar and Minorca. After its capture by France seven years earlier, Minorca reverted to being a British colony in 1763. Both Minorca and Gibraltar continually raised crucial issues about which of its diverse inhabitants could be counted as British subjects. A need for labor meant that most administrators wished to extend the protections of subjecthood to numerous individuals. In turn, a range of inhabitants began to employ the language of subjecthood to assert claims to various protections. Protective passes and redemption from captivity gradually became the assumed and particular privileges of those who could prove themselves to be British subjects. As economic protections were gradually associated with British subject status in the Mediterranean territories, administrators played a crucial role in shaping the boundaries of subjecthood.

Keywords:   Minorca, Gibraltar, Mediterranean, Mediterranean Pass, Barbary States, Consuls, Captivity/slavery, redemption

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